In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945.
When did Singapore become a British colony?
Colony of Singapore
|Colony of Singapore (1946–1959) State of Singapore (1959–1963)|
|• 1959–1963||Lee Kuan Yew|
|Historical era||British Empire|
|• Dissolution of the Straits Settlements||1 April 1946|
|• Labuan transferred to North Borneo||15 July 1946|
What country owns Singapore?
Singapore became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following a merger with Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak. The merger was thought to benefit the economy by creating a common, free market, and to improve Singapore’s internal security.
How did Singapore become independent?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
What was Singapore called before?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
Why was Singapore chosen as a British port?
British trading ships were heavily taxed at Dutch ports, stifling British trade in the region. Raffles reasoned that the way to challenge the Dutch was to establish a new port in the region. Existing British ports were not in a strategic enough position to becoming major trading centres.
Who found Singapore first?
Modern Singapore was founded in the 19th century, thanks to politics, trade and a man known as Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. During this time, the British empire was eyeing a port of call in this region to base its merchant fleet, and to forestall any advance made by the Dutch.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Is Singapore a 1st world country?
It can be defined succinctly as Europe, plus the richer countries of the former British Empire (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore and the United States) as well as Israel, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.
Was Malaysia a British colony?
The British formally made Malaysia a colony in 1867. … By 1910 the pattern of British rule in the Malay lands was established. The Straits Settlements were a Crown Colony, ruled by a governor under the supervision of the Colonial Office in London.
Who colonized Malaysia?
After that, Malaya fell into the hands of the Dutch in 1641 and British in 1824 through the Anglo–Dutch Treaty. British colonization was the longest compared to others. The British had integrated all the Malayan administration which was previously managed by the Malay Rulers with the help of state dignitaries.
Who built Singapore?
Lee Kuan Yew
|Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ DK|
|show Offices before 1965|
|Born||Harry Lee Kuan Yew16 September 1923 Singapore, Straits Settlements|
|Died||23 March 2015 (aged 91) Singapore|