Affectionately known as the “Rajah of Malacca”, Farquhar was well-loved by many and word of his new role in Singapore caused an exodus of merchants from Malacca to settle in Singapore instead. The population grew and the port conducted 8 million Spanish dollars of trade under Farquhar’s watch.
What did William Farquhar contribute to Singapore?
With his long Malayan experience and an intimate knowledge of Riau-Lingga politics, Farquhar was given the task of helping Raffles found a settlement on the island of Singapore. On 28 January 1819, Raffles and Farquhar landed on Singapore and met the Temenggong of Johor, Abdul Rahman.
Why is William Farquhar the founder of Singapore?
William Farquhar is first British Resident and Commandant – Singapore History. William Farquhar was installed as the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore following the establishment of a British trading post on the island by then Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen, Sir Stamford Raffles, on 6 February 1819.
What were the changes that Farquhar brought about?
Unfortunately, he also introduced numerous changes to Raffles’ plans and instructions in order to generate much-needed revenue for the seamless operation of Singapore. This eventually led to his downfall. He allowed the establishment of gambling dens, as well as the sale of arrack (a type of alcoholic drink) and opium.
Where does the name Farquhar come from?
Farquhar is a surname of Scottish origin, derived from the Scottish Gaelic fearchar, from fear (“man”) and car (“beloved”). Farquharson is a further derivation of the name, meaning “son of Farquhar”. The name originated as a given name, but had become established as a surname by the 14th century. listen (help·info)).
How did Singapore start?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. … Singapore became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.
What did Farquhar do?
Farquhar is a loyal Southerner during the Civil War. He is tricked by a Union scout masquerading as a Confederate soldier into believing he could stop a Yankee advance into Southern territory by destroying the railroad bridge at Owl Creek.
Why did British choose Singapore?
The harbor, being closer to the island itself would make it easier for the British to defend the harbor from pirates, making it safer. The geographic properties of Singapore, therefore allowed it to be chosen as the place where a port would be set-up.
What was Singapore before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
What was Singapore before?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.