Hinduism and Buddhism exerted an enormous influence on the civilizations of Southeast Asia and contributed greatly to the development of a written tradition in that area. About the beginning of the Common Era, Indian merchants may have settled there, bringing Brahmans and Buddhist monks with them.
How did Hinduism influence other societies?
During the Maurya and Gupta empires, the Indian culture and way of life were deeply influenced by Hinduism. Hinduism reinforced a strict social hierarchy called a caste system that made it nearly impossible for people to move outside of their social station.
How did Indians influence the cultures of Southeast Asia?
The impact of Indian culture was profound, especially in parts of Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Cambodia, and the Indonesian archipelago. Local rulers adopted concepts of state and kingship as well as urban development and hydraulic engingeering. They also embraced a script and literature in the Sanskrit language.
Which countries are influenced by Hinduism?
The ten countries with the highest Hindu population are:
- Sri Lanka.
- United States.
How has Hinduism influenced Western culture?
Only after World War II does Hinduism acquire a presence as a religious minority in western nations, partly due to immigration, and partly due to conversion, the latter especially in the context of the 1960s to 1970s counter-culture, giving rise to a number of Hinduism-inspired new religious movements sometimes also …
Why does Thailand have Indian influence?
Although Thailand has its own unique cuisine which is comprised of sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and spicy flavours it has evolved from India and Chinese influences. The influences of foreign trade played a vital role and it is believed that Buddhist monks from India, originally brought the curry to Thailand.
Which country is culturally closest to India?
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- Nepal. From wildlife to adventure sports, people usually underestimate Nepal until they visit it. …
- Bhutan. …
- Sri Lanka. …
What are the major influences on art of Southeast Asia?
Aesthetic traditions and cultural values vary across Southeast Asia. Some arts reflect influences from Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam, while the indigenous societies of the region have their own diverse traditions, which have interacted with each other and been influenced by the great civilisations of India and China.
What are two major religions of Southeast Asia?
Among the religions in Southeast Asia, the largest are Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism today. Buddhism and Hinduism in Southeast Asia trace back to the 5th century with statues of Buddha and Indian Gods in the ancient temples.
What is the main religion in Southeast Asia?
Pardue, (1971) author of Buddhism, the three sects of Buddhism can be divided by their location. Theravada Buddhism is also known as southern Buddhism because most of its followers are located in Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka, Thailand and some of Vietnam.