Why is the federal Constitution an important document for Malaysia?
THE Federal Constitution of Malaysia is the supreme law of Malaysia, with the 1957 Constitution of the Federation of Malaya acting as the basis of this very important document. It establishes Malaysia as a constitutional monarchy, having the Yang di–Pertuan Agong as the Head of State — whose role is largely ceremonial.
Why is the federal Constitution needed?
The Constitution of the United States established America’s national government and fundamental laws, and guaranteed certain basic rights for its citizens. … Under America’s first governing document, the Articles of Confederation, the national government was weak and states operated like independent countries.
What does the federal Constitution mean?
A federal constitution is one which sets up a system of federalism within a country. Federalism is a political system in which the national government and the smaller governments (states or provinces) each have their own powers that are specified by the constitution.
What are the features of a federal Constitution?
Essential characteristics of a federal constitution
- 1) Distribution of powers –
- 2) Supremacy of Constitution – A federal state derives its existence from the constitution. …
- 3) A written constitution –
- 4) Rigidity –
- 5) Authority of courts –
What is the most important part of the Constitution?
The Preamble is an explanation why the Constitution was written, and the major goals it hopes to accomplish. The single most important part of the Preamble is the first three words, “We the people…” which point out where our government receives its authority from, the people that are governed.
Can the Constitution be changed?
The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures. …
What is federal list Malaysia?
Matters under the Federal List include foreign relations, defence, internal security, civil and criminal laws, citizenship, finance, trade, shipping, transport and communications, medical and health, welfare of Orang Asli and tourism.
What is the highest source of laws in Malaysia?
In Malaysian Legal System, the most important source of law is the Written Law which comprises of The Federal Constitution, State Constitutions, Legislation and Subsidiary Legislation. We have 13 states with a written constitution which is the Federal Constitution.
What are the main provisions of the Constitution?
The Constitution established a national government distinguished by federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, and bicameralism. It divided power and created conflicting institutions—between three branches of government, across two chambers of the legislature, and between national and state levels.