In practice, the prosecutor usually presents three or more pieces of legal evidence to support the defendant’s guilt. After the judge has passed judgment on the case, the judge’s clerk will send a copy of the execution of punishment to the prosecutor. The prosecutor will then execute the punishment.
What is criminal justice system in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s complex justice system evolved from three inherited sources of law: customary or adat law, Islamic law (sharia), and Dutch colonial law. The judicial branch is independent and coequal with executive and legislative branches, with Supreme Court and Constitutional Court at apex of judicial system.
What are the steps in processing a criminal case before it goes to court?
Steps In a Criminal Case
- Step 1: Crime Committed / Police Notified.
- Step 2: Police Investigate.
- Step 3: Police Make an Arrest (or Request a Warrant)
- Step 4: Warrant/Charging Request Reviewed by Prosecuting Attorney.
- Step 5: Warrant Issued.
- Step 6: Suspect Arrested.
- Step 7: District Court Arraignment.
How does the trial process work with a criminal case?
During the trial, lawyers present evidence through witnesses who testify about what they saw or know. After all the evidence is presented, the lawyers give their closing arguments. Finally, the jury decides if the defendant is guilty or not guilty. The jury must find the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
What is the order of trial in criminal case?
Trial can be divided into four stages: the opening proceedings, examination of evidence, questioning of the defendant, and the closing arguments.
What is prosecution pillar?
The third pillar of the CJS is the courts pillar. It is the forum where the prosecution is given the opportunity to prove that there is a strong evidence of guilt against the accused. It is also in the courts that the accused is given his “day” to disprove the accusation against him.
How does the criminal justice system work in China?
According to the Constitution and the Organic Law of the People’s Courts of 1979 as amended in 1983, China practices a system of courts characterized by ” four levels and two instance of trials”. … The local people’s courts are divided into basic people’s courts, intermediate people’s courts and higher people’s courts.
What are the 3 phases of criminal investigation?
Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.
What are the stages of criminal trial?
A criminal trial typically consists of six following phases:
- Choosing a Jury.
- Opening Statements.
- Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.
- Closing Arguments.
- Jury Instruction.
- Jury Deliberation and Announcement of Verdict.
What happens if you go to trial and lose?
The game changes if you decide to go to trial. … Seasoned criminal defense lawyers who lose a trial will remind the judge that “x” was offered before trial and there is no reason to exceed “x” after a guilty verdict. Fair judges will adhere to their principles and impose the sentence that was offered before trial.
Can a case go to trial without evidence?
No competent prosecutor will take a case to trial without some form of evidence. In the absence of evidence, a person cannot be convicted.
Who decides if a case goes to trial?
Trials in criminal and civil cases are generally conducted the same way. After all the evidence has been presented and the judge has explained the law related to the case to a jury, the jurors decide the facts in the case and render a verdict. If there is no jury, the judge makes a decision on the case.