|Fall of Phnom Penh|
|Date 17 April 1975 Location Phnom Penh, Cambodia Result Khmer Rouge victory End of the Cambodian Civil War Collapse of the Khmer Republic Creation of Democratic Kampuchea Start of the Cambodian Genocide|
|Khmer Rouge||Khmer Republic|
|Commanders and leaders|
How did the Khmer Rouge start?
In 1960, a small group of Cambodians, led by Saloth Sar (later known as Pol Pot) and Nuon Chea, secretly formed the Communist Party of Kampuchea. This movement would become known as the Khmer Rouge, or “Red Khmers.”
What happened when the Khmer Rouge liberated Phnom Penh?
The Khmer Rouge also established “liberated” areas in the south and the southwestern parts of the country, where they operated independently of the North Vietnamese. … On 17 April 1975, the Khmer Rouge captured Phnom Penh and ended the civil war. Estimates for total civil war deaths vary.
Who did Khmer Rouge target?
Because the Khmer Rouge placed a heavy emphasis on the rural peasant population, anyone considered an intellectual was targeted for special treatment. This meant teachers, lawyers, doctors, and clergy were the targets of the regime. Even people wearing glasses were the target of Pol Pot’s reign of terror.
What was the goal of the Khmer Rouge?
In 1976, the Khmer Rouge established the state of Democratic Kampuchea. The party’s aim was to establish a classless communist state based on a rural agrarian economy and a complete rejection of the free market and capitalism.
Why did US support Khmer Rouge?
According to Tom Fawthrop, U.S. support for the Khmer Rouge guerrillas in the 1980s was “pivotal” to keeping the organization alive, and was in part motivated by revenge over the U.S. defeat during the Vietnam War.
Why did Vietnam invade Cambodia?
Vietnam launched an invasion of Cambodia in late December 1978 to remove Pol Pot. Two million Cambodians had died at the hands of his Khmer Rouge regime and Pol Pot’s troops had conducted bloody cross-border raids into Vietnam, Cambodia’s historic enemy, massacring civilians and torching villages.