The production of Thai silk begins with the Bombyx mori, a small silk worm that comes from the eggs of a silk moth. For their first year, these worms feast on the leaves of mulberry trees before building a cocoon with their spittle. In its original cocoon form, raw silk is bumpy and irregular.
What is the source of Thai silk in Thailand?
Thai silk is produced from the cocoons of Thai silkworms. Thai weavers, mainly from the Khorat Plateau in the northeast region of Thailand, raise the caterpillars on a steady diet of mulberry leaves. Khorat is the center of the silk industry in Thailand and a steady supplier of rose Thai silk for many generations.
How do Thailand silk fabric is being produced?
When silkworms feed on mulberry trees, they produce salivary glands. The filament is spun to create silk thread. As silkworms grow, their bodies become filled with raw liquid silk. These cocoons are then boiled.
Where is Thai silk produce form?
Most raw silk in Thailand is produced by small farmers in Isaan (Northeast Thailand). The process of making Thai silk is called Thai sericulture. In Thailand, the rural silk weaving villages produce their own raw silk and make their own silk threads and yarns.
Can Thai silk be washed?
Thai silk can be washed in lukewarm water but only with the mildest soap, then rinse the silk in vinegar to retain its original luster and allow it to drip dry in the shade. Thai silk should be ironed on the inside just before it is dry or else put a damp cloth over the silk and iron.
What is silk used for in Thailand?
Thai silk, though soft has a mildly coarse feel. Its threads are bumpy, a quality that renders it highly suitable for hand weaving. Thai silk comes in two types. The smoother variety is favored for garment making and interior décor.