The Mekong River is the longest river in Southeast Asia. The river has a length of approximately 4,900 km, flowing from its source on the Tibetan Plateau in China through Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam via a large delta into the sea.
What is the Mekong River known for?
In total, more than 60 million people depend on the Mekong for most facets of their daily lives. The river supports one of the most diverse fisheries in the world and is known for hosting various species of large fish; the biggest include the giant river carp, freshwater stingray, Siamese giant carp, and giant catfish.
Where is the Mekong River located?
Originating in the icy headwaters of the Tibetan highlands, the Mekong River flows through the steep canyons of China, known as the upper basin, through lower basin countries Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia, before fanning across an expansive delta in Vietnam and emptying into the South China Sea.
What is wrong with the Mekong River?
Population growth, poor land-use planning and economic policies that encourage the unsustainable use of natural resources are among the factors increasing deforestation and biodiversity loss across the Greater Mekong region.
Which city is associated with the river Mekong?
Phnom-Penh cities is associated with the river Mekong. The river flows through Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam before draining into the South China Sea south of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon).
Which country controls the headwaters of the Mekong River?
China has also dammed and now controls the flow of the Mekong River, which flows through Cambodia, China, Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand; complaints about the Mekong have been muffled, partially because China has little to fear from these smaller countries.
Why are water levels of the Mekong at a 100 year low?
A combination of drought and controversial upstream water politics is setting up Southeast Asia for potential disaster. Drought and upstream dams have shrunk the Mekong River to its lowest levels in a century and threaten fish spawning—bad signs for the region’s food supply.
Can a river dry up?
So, rivers can dry up when there is drought. The is called the water cycle. Water evaporates from the oceans forming clouds in the atmosphere which blow over the land and precipitate , filling the rivers with water which flows downhill back to the ocean.