We investigated four factors typically cited as causing changes in household in- come inequality: namely, (1) the rising proportion of urban households, (2) age distribution changes, (3) increasing number of highly educated households, and (4) wage rate inequality.
What is inequality in the Philippines?
Income inequality in the Philippines is the extent to which income, most commonly measured by household or individual, is distributed in an uneven manner in the Philippines.
Is there inequality in the Philippines?
In the Philippines, where more than a quarter of the country’s population of 92.3 million lives below the poverty line, economic and social inequality is a major problem. The Philippines has one of the highest rates of income inequality in the world, and unless action is taken, the gap will continue to widen.
What is the most prevalent inequality in the Philippines?
Mindanao has, by far, the highest level of total inequality on all 5 non-income dimensions. In 2010, the Gini coefficient for Mindanao was 0.307 for schooling, for instance, but only 0.204 for Luzon.
What are the inequalities in society?
Social inequality is an area within sociology that focuses on the distribution of goods and burdens in society. A good can be, for example, income, education, employment or parental leave, while examples of burdens are substance abuse, criminality, unemployment and marginalisation.
Is income inequality a problem in the Philippines?
Income distribution in the Philippines is highly uneven, and poverty rates are higher than in other ASEAN countries. In addition, although the poverty rate has declined over time, the rate of decline has been lower than in other countries, and income inequality has been persistent.
What is the main cause of income inequality?
Income inequality varies by social factors such as sexual identity, gender identity, age, and race or ethnicity, leading to a wider gap between the upper and working class.
What are the negative effects of inequality?
At a microeconomic level, inequality increases ill health and health spending and reduces the educational performance of the poor. These two factors lead to a reduction in the productive potential of the work force. At a macroeconomic level, inequality can be a brake on growth and can lead to instability.