Is Jakarta a city or state?

Jakarta, formerly (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea).

What is Jakarta known for?

Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre and the most populous city not only in Indonesia but in Southeast Asia as a whole. Although the city is known for its heavy traffic and high level of pollution it is filled with an exciting nightlife and vibrant shopping areas.

What does Jakarta mean in English?

Its name ‘Jakarta’ derives from the word Jayakarta (Devanagari: जयकर्त) which is ultimately derived from the Sanskrit जय jaya (victorious) and कृत krta (accomplished, acquired), thus Jayakarta translates as ‘victorious deed‘, ‘complete act’ or ‘complete victory’.

Why is Jakarta sinking?

Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea-level rise. But Indonesia’s biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it’s causing the city to sink.

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