Singapore’s water usage reaches a demand of about 430 million gallons per day. Of the Four Taps of Supply, Imported water from Johor satisfies about 50 percent of the demand, NEWater can meet up to 40 percent, Desalination up to 25, and the local catchments help to make up the rest.
Is Singapore self sufficient in water?
Singapore currently uses about 1.95 billion litres per day – enough to fill 782 Olympic-sized swimming pools, according to national water agency PUB.
When did Singapore buy water from Malaysia?
The Johor River Water Agreement was signed on 29 September 1962 between the city council of the state of Singapore and the government of the state of Johor. Valid for 99 years till 2061, the agreement gave Singapore the right to draw 250 million gallons of water per day (1.14 million cubic metres) from the Johor River.
Where does Malaysia get its water from?
Streams and rivers with and without impounding reservoirs contribute 98 percent of total water used in Malaysia; the remainder is contributed by groundwater.
Can you drink Singapore water?
Singapore’s tap water quality is well within the Singapore Environmental Public Health (Water Suitable for Drinking) (No. 2) Regulations 2019 and World Health Organisation (WHO) Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. Our tap water is suitable for drinking directly from the tap without any further filtration.
Will Singapore ever run out of water?
Singapore, a steamy, low-lying island city-state, is the fifth most likely country in the world to face extremely high water stress by 2040, according to the U.S.-based World Resources Institute.
How does Singapore treat sewage?
The DTSS uses deep tunnel sewers to convey used water entirely by gravity to centralised WRPs located at the coastal areas. The used water is then treated and further purified into ultra-clean, high-grade reclaimed water called NEWater, with excess treated effluent discharged to the sea.
How does Singapore reuse water?
In 2003, high-grade reclaimed water, known as NEWater was introduced. NEWater is recycled from treated sewage (‘used water’) and produced using a rigorous 3-step purification process involving ultrafiltration/microfiltration, reverse osmosis (RO) and ultraviolet (UV) disinfection.