Both the U.S. and South Vietnamese forces, as well as the communist North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong insurgency, deployed millions of mines for various purposes, including anti-tank mines for disabling or destroying armored vehicles and anti-personnel mines that were designed to disable or kill enemy soldiers.
Did the Vietnamese use landmines?
Since the outbreak of the First Indochina War in 1946 and later the bloodier Second Indochina War of the 1960s and 1970s, countless numbers of land mines have been planted in what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
How common are landmines in Vietnam?
It is estimated that more than 3 million land mines/UXO/cluster munitions remain buried in Vietnam. Since 1975, over 40,000 Vietnamese have died from these deadly remnants of war, and over 60,000 have been injured.
Is there still unexploded ordnance in Vietnam?
Unexploded weapons are still buried beneath more than 80 percent of the land in Quảng Trị Province. Over 40 years after the end of the Vietnam War, PeaceTrees EOD teams continue to find 60-100 UXO each week.
Why are landmines banned from war?
The use of land mines is controversial because they are indiscriminate weapons, harming soldier and civilian alike. They remain dangerous after the conflict in which they were deployed has ended, killing and injuring civilians and rendering land impassable and unusable for decades.
What’s a toe popper?
Toe poppers: small pressure-detonated mine with the power to blow off a hand or part of a foot, used for booby traps. … When triggered it bounced 3 feet in the air, then exploded, causing extensive shrapnel damage to the lower body.
What is mined in Vietnam?
Vietnam’s key mineral endowment includes: coal, bauxite, rare earth, tungsten, titanium, phosphate rocks and iron ore. Coal remains one of the primary energy sources for the domestic market. … Vietnam has great coal reserves, concentrated in the northern area in Quang Ninh province and the Red River Delta basin.
How many people died from mines in Vietnam?
The Vietnam war ended over 25 years ago, but for many Vietnamese, the realities of the war still linger. In the years since the fall of Saigon, over 40,000 Vietnamese have been killed or injured by landmines and unexploded ordnance (explosives) left behind from that conflict.
Was Bouncing Betty used in Vietnam?
There were three main types of fragmenting AP mines used in Vietnam, bounding mines (Bouncing Betty), directional mines (Claymore) and basic fragmenting mines (Soviet POMZ-2 mine).
What countries still use landmines?
Though new use of antipersonnel landmines is rare and limited, it still happens. Myanmar/Burma is the only government that has persistently continued laying antipersonnel mines over the years. In addition Libya (under Gaddafi) and Syria used antipersonnel mines during recent conflicts.