In 1991, American labour activist Jeffrey Ballinger published a report on Nike’s factory practices in Indonesia, exposing a scandal: below-minimum wages, child labour and appalling conditions likened to a sweatshop – a factory or workshop where employees work long hours for low money in conditions that are hazardous to …
Are sweatshops legal in Indonesia?
Indonesia: low wages in the textile and garment industry undermine workers’ rights. … The minimum wage is legally fixed and resolved at the district level, ranging from US $80 to US $200 per month. However, the minimum wage is not applied in many factories, which request exemption for financial reasons.
Why is it called a sweatshop?
The term “sweatshop” was first used in the late 19th century to describe aspects of the tailoring trade, but sweatshop conditions exist in other industries as well. The forces that promote sweatshop production have always been varied.
What is a sweatshop and do they still exist?
Sweatshops primarily exist in order to cut costs associated with production and manufacturing. … Further, some of the most egregious sweatshops utilize human trafficking to employ cheap labor that essentially is paid slave wages.
Why are wages so low in Indonesia?
Wages are so low in Indonesia because that keeps the unemployment rate low. This in turn prevents a whole raft of social problems caused by high unemployment.
How much do sweatshop workers get paid in Indonesia?
In Indonesia, workers are paid as little as 34p an hour, with some factories not even the legal minimum wage. As a result, workers said they skip meals to save money and that every day someone in their factory passes out because they are exhausted or unwell.
Is sweatshop a bad word?
Most believe that sweatshops are bad and morally “yes” but I am speaking strictly from an economic point of view. … Verena Bahlsen Nobody is argueing that sweatshops are ideal or great places to work. The thing is that people are choosing to work in them over alternatives.
Should we boycott clothes from these sweatshops?
It is understandable to be repulsed by the way workers in developing countries can be used by monopsony employers – but, a boycott of sweatshop goods could cause a loss of income, jobs and potential. Also, by outsourcing production to cheap labour abroad, it could cause domestic job losses.
Which country has the most sweatshops?
Despite the rapid growth of the Chinese economy in the last decade, more than 482 million people in China – 36% of the population – live on less than $2 a day.
Is Shein a sweatshop?
Shein has historically used unethical practices, such as child labor and sweatshops. Shein is one of the fastest growing online fast fashion retailers. … The industry is incredibly harmful to the environment, with fashion being the second most polluting industry in the world.
Is H&M a bad company?
At the end of the day, H&M is still very much a part of the unsustainable fast fashion industry. Its promotion of ‘disposable’ fashion and constant rotations of new trends and products has a huge environmental impact. An increasing amount of cheap clothing ends up in landfill after a few wears due to these reasons.