Colonialism also produced a physical transformation in Vietnamese cities. Traditional local temples, pagodas, monuments and buildings, some of which had stood for a millennium, were declared derelict and destroyed. Buildings of French architecture and style were erected in their place.
How was Vietnam treated under France?
Under the agreement France would recognize the Viet Minh government and give Vietnam the status of a free state within the French Union. French troops were to remain in Vietnam, but they would be withdrawn progressively over five years.
How did Vietnam resist colonial rule?
It was eventually defeated but several members formed private armies and resistance groups. 4. One of the more successful resistance leaders, Phan Dinh Phung, eluded the French for a decade, using guerrilla warfare underpinned by military organisation and discipline.
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
What were the effects of Vietnam rebellion against France?
Communist rebels defeated the French and they split the country into North and South. The communist ruled in the North. This validates that The communist movement grew stronger in North Vietnam.
Why did the French want Vietnam?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
What was Vietnam like before the war?
Vietnam before French colonisation was a thriving Asian kingdom with a feudal social structure, heavily influenced by Confucianism and Buddhism. For centuries, Vietnam was controlled or dominated by its powerful northern neighbour, China.
Why did the Vietnamese hate the French?
The Vietnamese rejected French rule for pretty much the same reason that the American colonies rejected British rule. The reason for that is that the Vietnamese wanted to be free and independent just like people from just about every country want to be.
Why did the US fail in Vietnam?
America “lost” South Vietnam because it was an artificial construct created in the wake of the French loss of Indochina. Because there never was an “organic” nation of South Vietnam, when the U.S. discontinued to invest military assets into that construct, it eventually ceased to exist.