A trans-national air pollution crisis affected several countries in Southeast Asia from February to September 2019, including Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. … Malaysia was affected from August, while Singapore, Brunei, and Vietnam experienced haze in September.
Is Vietnam heavily polluted?
Vietnam is struggling with alarming air pollution. Its two biggest cities, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, are now among the top 15 polluted cities in Southeast Asia. Fine particulate matter (PM2. 5) is the most concerning air pollutant in Vietnam.
How does air pollution affect Vietnam?
Both ambient (outdoor) and household (indoor) air pollution are responsible for about 7 million deaths globally per year; in the Western Pacific Region alone, around 2.2 million people die each year. … In Vietnam, around 60 000 deaths each year are air pollution-related.
Which country is responsible for haze pollution?
Haze pollution affects several Southeast Asian countries on a regular basis, notably Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei, and to a lesser extent Thailand, Vietnam and the Philippines. The condition is largely caused by the burning of large tracts of forested land in Indonesia.
What are the biggest problems facing the environment in Vietnam SE Asia or the world right now?
According to the State of the Environment 2001 published by the government, the main environmental issues in Vietnam are land degradation, forest degradation, loss of biodiversity, water pollution, air pollution and solid waste management.
Why is the air so bad in Hanoi?
Earlier this month, Hanoi environment officials blamed the air quality on large-scale industrial activities surrounding the city, increased traffic, garbage overload and construction sites. Dirty air is hardly new but it remains a burning issue. The capital’s air quality ranked among the world’s worst in December 2019.
How can we stop pollution in Vietnam?
Power plants, factories and vehicles can be required to comply with stricter emissions standards. We can reduce the burning emission-causing coal, oil, and gas by switching to clean energy sources. A major source of emissions in Vietnam is the burning of biomass and crop waste by farmers and households.
Does Vietnam have air pollution?
In Vietnam traffic is responsible for 70 % of air pollution and accounts for 85 % of CO and 95 % of VOCs. Nowadays Vietnam is home to more than 18 million motorbikes and more than 700,000 automobiles, many of which are outdated and prone to producing air pollutants.
How is Vietnam affected by climate change?
Vietnam is among the most vulnerable nations to climate change impacts according to a recent International Panel on Climate Change report. The country’s diverse geography means it is hit by typhoons, landslides, flooding and droughts, weather events expected to worsen in coming years.
How can we prevent haze?
7 Ways To Protect Yourself From The Haze
- Stay Indoors. …
- Avoid Strenuous Outdoor Activities. …
- Wear A Mask. …
- Hydrate Frequently And Increase Fibre Intake. …
- Take Medication To Alleviate Symptoms. …
- Avoid Smoking. …
- Pay Attention To Air Quality Updates.
Why does a haze occur?
Haze often occurs when dust and smoke particles accumulate in relatively dry air. When weather conditions block the dispersal of smoke and other pollutants they concentrate and form a usually low-hanging shroud that impairs visibility and may become a respiratory health threat.
Why is the water so dirty in Vietnam?
In the Northern region of Vietnam around Hanoi, there is evidence of arsenic contamination in the drinking water. … The surface water in the rivers is locally polluted by organic pollutants such as oil waste and solids. There is also pollution from untreated waste water released by industries and agriculture activities.
Can you drink the water in Vietnam?
Drinking tap water generally isn’t recommended in Vietnam. Water contaminated with pathogenic organisms is a major source of sickness and can lead to traveller’s experiencing diarrhoea, gastroenteritis, typhoid, cholera, giardia, dysentery and hepatitis A.
What percentage of Vietnam has electricity?
Access to electricity (% of population) in Vietnam was reported at 99.4 % in 2019, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.