There are currently multiple non-international armed conflicts in Myanmar between the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) and several Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs).
How many armed groups are there in Myanmar?
Their formation involved the integration of soldiers from the Tatmadaw with units that originally were either ethnic armed organizations or militia groups. There are 23 BGFs in Kachin, Shan, Kayah, and Kayin states.
Is Burma still under military rule?
Military rule in Myanmar (also known as Burma) lasted from 1962 to 2011 and resumed in 2021. The first military rule began in 1958 and direct military rule started when Ne Win captured power through a coup d’état in 1962. …
Does IHL apply in Myanmar?
Not only international armed conflicts (IAC) but also non-international armed conflicts (NIAC) are subject to international humanitarian law (IHL). However, the applicability of the law of NIAC stricto sensu to the various conflicts in Myanmar needs a case-by-case analysis.
What is the longest civil war in history?
The TNLA is one of more than 15 armed groups fighting Myanmar’s central government. They are part of a long-simmering conflict that has ebbed and flowed for more than 60 years. Some have described the conflict as the world’s longest-running civil war — yet it remains largely hidden from the outside world.
Is Burma a poor country?
Myanmar is Asia’s seventh-poorest country. Myanmar’s per capita GDP is $1,207, just above Cambodia’s. About 26% of the population lives in poverty, and poverty is twice as high in rural areas, where about 70% of the population lives.
Why is Burma not in Myanmar?
As for the country’s name, the commission decided to replace the English name “Burma” with “Myanmar”, for three reasons. First, Myanma is the official name of the country in the Burmese language, and the aim of the commission was to have English place names aligned with Burmese place names and pronunciation.
What type of conflict is in Myanmar?
The Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) are involved in a non-international armed conflict against a wide array of Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs), i.e. armed non-state actors affiliated to ethnic groups, notably in Kachin, Shan, and Rakhine states.
What kind of activities ICRC conducts in Myanmar?
In Myanmar, the ICRC provides humanitarian assistance to people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. We have been present in Myanmar for over 30 years, including Kachin, Shan and Rakhine states. Our response is inclusive of emergency aid as well as long-term assistance.